OF DELINQUENCY TO MEMBERSHIP
Is there ever a time when it is appropriate for the board of directors
of a homeowners association to inform the membership of a serious
delinquency in the payment of monthly assessments?
Yes. A board may disclose a delinquency when its collection action
has reached the stage of a lawsuit. When an association becomes
involved in litigation, the members are entitled to notice. The
filing of a suit places the matter in the public domain and is
material to the financial condition of the association. California
Civil Code Section 47 protects the association as plaintiff from
liability for defamation or disclosure of private information
under the "litigation privilege."
OF LITIGATION TO MEMBERS
Is my association board in Simi Valley required to disclose to the members what
the board is doing to cure a violation of the CC&Rs by a member?
No. Such enforcement actions are not required to be disclosed
to the membership unless litigation has been commenced by the
The board has a duty to
disclose to its members, information that is material to the members'
financial interest and which members must have in order to comply
with their disclosure duties to lenders and buyers.
Upon inquiry by a member
of the association as to what is being done about a particular
violation of the CC&Rs, the best response is to simply inform
the member that:
1) The board is (or has)
investigated the matter, and
2) Will comply with its duty to enforce the CC&Rs.
We recently purchased a townhome in Valencia only to find out that the former
owners had previously been notified in writing by the board of directors that their patio cover did not meet the architectural
requirements of the community. What can we do?
Section 1368 (a)(5) was recently added to the California Civil
Code to deal with this type of problem. Under this section, a copy
or a summary of any notice previously sent to the owner that sets
forth any alleged violation of the governing documents that remains
unresolved must be provided to the prospective purchaser as soon
as practical before transfer of title.
Any person or entity who
willfully violates this section can be held liable to the purchaser
for actual damages and, in addition, a fine not to exceed $500.00.
I am a new real estate agent and would like to specialize in selling
condominiums. What types of disclosures are required to be made
before a condominium can be sold?
Before a separate interest (unit in a condominium, lot in a planned
development, or right to occupy in a stock cooperative) can be
sold, the owner is required to provide the following to the prospective
(1) CC&Rs, Bylaws
and Association Rules and Articles of Incorporation;
(2) A pro forma operating
budget which must include all of the following:
(a) Estimated revenue
and expenses on an accrual basis;
(b) A summary of the
association's reserves based upon the most recent review or
study in accordance with California law;
(c) The percentage reserves
are funded as calculated by California law.
(3) A copy or a summary
of any notice previously sent to the owner that sets forth any
alleged violations of the governing documents that remain unresolved.
(4) A statement as to
whether the board of directors has determined or anticipates
that the levy of one or more special assessments will be required;
(5) A statement addressing
the procedures used for calculating reserves;
(6) A statement as to
the amount of the regular and special assessments, fees and,
if applicable, the amount of any unpaid assessments and/or other
(7) Any change in the
association's regular and special assessments and fees which
have been approved but have not yet become due;
(8) A review of the association's
last financial statement prepared by a licensee of the California
State board of Accountancy, if the annual gross income of the
association exceeded $75,000;
(9) A statement describing
the association's policies and practices in enforcing lien rights
or other legal remedies for default in payment of its assessments;
(10) A summary of the
association's insurance coverages as required by California
In addition, sellers are
required to disclose to any prospective purchaser any fact materially
affecting the value and desirability of the property, including
but not limited to, the physical conditions of the property and
previously received reports of physical inspections.
Lastly, real estate agents
are required to conduct a reasonably competent and diligent visual
inspection of the property offered for sale and to disclose to
the prospective purchaser all facts materially affecting the value
or desirability of the property that an investigation would reveal.
As you can see, the duty
to disclose is extensive. It is recommended that you utilize the
applicable standard California Association of Realtors forms and
that you take your duty to disclose seriously.
I am purchasing a condominium. What should I review and approve
before I make the decision to commit to a purchase?
All of the items set forth in the answer above, plus the following:
An inspection report from a licensed and independent home inspector,
A structural pest control report, and
Minutes of meetings of the board of directors for the last twelve
DISTRIBUTION OF ANNUAL BUDGET
Our homeowner association board cannot complete and distribute
the annual budget on time. What do you suggest we do?
Distribute it on time in the most accurate form possible with
a note to the members indicating that it will be revised at a
later date. Be certain to include any anticipated increase in
assessments up to 20%. You can always reduce the assessments later.
Is a homeowner association required to make disclosures concerning
the condition of the common area to prospective buyers of homes?
No. An association's disclosure obligation is to existing owners,
not prospective owners. Owners who intend to sell are required
to make such disclosures to prospective buyers.
If an association makes
a disclosure to a prospective buyer and it is inaccurate, the
association could be held liable.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST WITH LAW FIRM
Our homeowner association needed a referral to a law firm that would
represent us on a contingency basis. Our management company made
a referral and our board of directors subsequently signed an agreement
with the law firm that was referred to us. The retainer agreement
called for the law firm to receive 40% and the management company
to receive 10%. The management company was required to provide some
minor administrative assistance to the law firm. The case settled
for millions of dollars and consequently the management company
was paid several hundred thousand dollars for less than $2,000 worth
of services! The members were never informed of the arrangement.
As a member of the association, I am very concerned about this situation.
What do you suggest?
You should be concerned about your board, the law firm representing
your association and your management company. The situation you
described calls for a confidential consultation.
FINANCIAL STATEMENT REQUESTED
I own a townhome in Santa Monica, but am not on the board of directors. While attending a recent board meeting, I asked our management company representative for a current financial statement. My request was denied and I was told that I am only entitled to a year-end report. Is this correct?
No. California law requires a board of directors to provide every member with a year-end financial report but it does not preclude you from receiving interim reports. You are entitled to a monthly report, less the member delinquency report, but will be required to pay the cost of duplication. You are also permitted to inspect association records for any association related purpose. Top